Psilotum are primitive ferns that have been unchanged for hundreds of years. Two species nudum and complanatum. In Japan they have cultivated many other forms (species?) from the Edo Period (1603-1867) until now. There are short stubby forms (species?) and there are some that have clumpy tips. Some that are variegated and others that are straight growing. At one time there was said to be more them 200 forms (species?) in cultivation. I like to grow them like bonsai trees. They like to have good drainage and bright light. Contact me if you are interested in starting your collection...

Psilotum nudum (whisk fern) MATSUBARAN (pine needle)

This is a mature Psilotum nudum. Native to Florida

Psilotum complanatum

Photos of Psilotum complanatum growing in the wild in Malaysia.
Photo by : Huang Shih Chieh

Photos of Psilotum complanatum growing wild in Hawaii.
Photo by Tom Bollinger to see more photos visit this link Polylepis Flickr

P. complanatum that grows in Hawaii does not grow as long and is much slower to mature and produce new stems.

Below is My mother.

This is a new species of Psilotum. Looks like a cross between P. complanatum and nudum. Collected in Malaysia. The tips are pendulum like P. complanatum but grow up like P. nudum when forming. The tips are smaller then P. complanatum and rounder.

Below is the comparison between P. complanatum LEFT and New species Right.

Psilotum intermedium

This is a Psilotum cross between P. nudum and P. complanatum. From Hawaii: Propagation from plants grown at the Matthei Botanical Garden at the University of Michigan brought there by the late Dr. Warren Herb Wagner who described the hybrid.

The stems of this cultivar are flat/pendulum like complanatum and upright like nudum. This make a nice specimen plant... The sporangia are formed on the tips of the stems.

Psilotum nudum dwarf "Florida International University" Chad Husby

This Interesting form of Psilotum stays some what small and to this date has not produced any sporangia. We do not know much about this form other then it was collected growing in a pot at the Florida International University.

Psilotum have vascular roots stem like rhizomes. Mostly these root like systems form underground but also grow above ground. When the vascular root reaches the air/surface a frond like shoot forms and from that the green part of the plant grows.

Japanese Psilotum

In Japan growers have collected and cultivated Psilotum pre edo period (1603-1867) and until now. Many of the forms where collected in the wild and new forms where created from them. Over the years many where lost but there are still a few that remain. I have dedicated this sight to the introduction and the preservation of these rare forms that could be new/old species.

In 1992 there was a pink book published on the topic of growing psilotum. Some of the info I have gathered has been from the help of interpreting the righting in this book threw the help of a friend. Some of the images will have Page # referring to the page in this book.

Psilotum Seiryu Kaku Pg 31

Psilotum Yae Kirin Pg 46

Psilotum Yoji Bunryu

Originally collected or came from Waka Yama Japan. When page 42 was being interpreted it mentioned that this was a form of Bunryuzan. See Bunryuzan

Psilotum Orizuru Kinpu (crane spotted fri)

See also Orizuru

Psilotum Bunryu no Hana

Psilotum Tsukumo Kinfu

Psilotum Fuiji no Yuki

Psilotum Kirin Jishi

Psilotum Aosango

Originally collected in Waka Yama See Matsubaran fu 1836 Image 22

Psilotum Hashimoto hineri Pg 37

Originally collected in Waka Yama Japan